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美丽并不远,来这里>,伸手可见?!焯谜?>,国家AAAAA级风景区

天堂寨马头峰

2013-6-28   浏览:7334

    

㈠、景区划分

     天堂寨是安徽大别山(六安)国家地质公园的主园区,同时还是国家森林公园>>、国家级自然?>;で?>、国家5A级旅游区和安徽省风景名胜区>。
     天堂寨古称“多云山”>,谓之“吴楚东南第一关”。园区面积20.3平方公里,由瀑布群、圣卦峰、白马峰>>、造钱坳和白马峡谷等五大景区构成,海拔范围700――1729米>。
     园区地处大别山腹地>。主体为花岗岩体构成,是距今约1.3亿年岩浆活动的产物>>,其基底岩石为距今约26亿年形成的古老而复杂的大别杂岩>>,集中反映了1.3亿年以来该区花岗岩从形成――隆起――剥蚀等地质作用的历史,具有很高的地质学>、地貌学研究价值与美学欣赏价值>>。园区内发育有全球变质程度最深、岩石类型复杂的大别杂岩>,它是研究大别造山带基底物质组成和演化的重要窗口>,它所蕴含的地球深部物质运动的信息具有很高的学术价值>。园区内群峰险峻雄奇>,石景妙趣横生>,瀑布高天飞掛>>,峡谷风光幽雅>。
     天堂寨是华东最后一片原始森林,森林覆盖率达96.5%>,气候温和,雨量充沛,大气中富含负氧离子,对人体健康十分有利>。园区内人文景观丰富>>,珍稀动植物物种繁多。
     天堂寨是人们游览>、度假>、科考和教学实习的理想场所。
     The Tiantangzhai is one of the important national Geopark garden areas in Anhui Dabieshan mountain (Lu’an) and is also the National Forest Garden, the National-level Native Reserve and the place of interest of Anhui province.
     Tiantangzhai was called “Cloudy Mountain” and “the first pass in Wu-chu southeast” in the ancient time. Its area is 20.3 km2. Tiantangzhai is made up of four scenic sections which are the Waterfall Group, the Saint Gua Peak, the White Horse Peak, the Making Money Col and the White Horse Gorge. Its altitude range is      from 700m to 1729m.
     The main body of the garden area is made up of granite which is the production of magmatic activity about 1.3Ma years from now, and the basement rock is the old and complicated Dabie complex about 2600Ma from now. The abundant geologic herite in the garden area are the valuable national legacy formed at the long geologic process which concentratedly reflects the geologic action history of the granite in the area from formation to uplift to denudation for 130Ma, so it has very high researching value of geology and geomorphology and appreciating value of aesthetics. The Dabie complex whose degree of metamorphism is the deepest in the world and rock type is complicated developed in the garden area. It is the important place to research the material combination and evolution of the basement material of the Dabie orogenic belt, and the information of the material movement in the deep earth implicated by it has very high academic value. The group peaks in the garden area are steepy and grand, the rock scenery is full of humor and wit, the waterfalls hanging in the sky fly from heaven, and the scenery in the gorge is beautiful.
     The Tiantangzhai is the last wide forest in the eastern China. Its forest covering percentage reaches 96.5%, weather is mild, rain is abundant, and negative oxygenic ions are rich in atmosphere, which are benefit to the health of human. The humaniores sights in the garden area are rich, and there are many types of rare animals and plants.
     Tiantangzhai is the ideal site for people to visit, take holiday, and do scientific research and teaching practice.
     (一)>、瀑布群景区:
     The expositive brand of the Waterfall Group scenic section of the national Geopark of Tiantangzhai garden area in Anhui Dabieshan (Lu’an)
     景区北起白马峰林场场部>>,南至天堂寨主峰,东连造钱坳>,西接湖北省罗田县>>,面积5.5平方公里。区内最高峰天堂寨>,海拔1729.13米,峰体由粗粒二长花岗岩组成>。
     园区汇集花岗岩峰丛地貌和水文地质景观于一体,景观资源丰富多彩>。险峰雄峻>,松奇石怪>,瀑潭相连>,是园区的核心景区>>。区内主要景点,水文地质景观有:九影瀑>、垂帘瀑、泻玉瀑、冰晶瀑>、银弓瀑五大常年流水瀑布和天池等;花岗岩峰丛地貌有天堂寨主峰>、龙剑峰、龙脊背;象形石有金狮啸天>、屈原问天、双笋石>、双龟效侣>、白象戏水>、佛手石、笔架岩>、龟松争寿>、剑劈石>、饮马石、老僧入定、五龙朝天堂>;奇松有:倒挂松>、同胞松>>、恋石松、迎客松等>。
     The north of the scenic section is the White Horse Woodland, the south is the Main Peak of Tiantangzhai, the east is connected by Making Money Col, and the west meets the Luotian county of Hubei province. Its area is 5.5sq.km. The altitude of the highest peak in the garden area that is the Main Peak of Tiantangzhai is 1729.13m, and the peak body is made up of coarse-grained adamellite.
     The garden area concentrates the granite peak cluster land form and the hydrogeologic sights into one body. The scenic resource is rich and colorful. The central scenic sections in the garden area are the steep and grand peak, peculiar pine and strange rock, and the conjoint waterfalls and ponds. The main scenic sights and hydrogeologic sights are the five streamy waterfalls all year round which are the Nine-shadow Waterfall, the Weeping Screen Waterfall, the Outpouring Jade Waterfall, the Ice Brilliant Waterfall, the Silvern Waterfall, and the Heaven Pond etc, the granite peak cluster land form which are the Main Peak of Tiantangzhai, the Dragon-sword Peak and the Dragon Back, the shape-liking rocks which are the Golden Lion Howling Sky, Quyuan Asking Sky, the Double Bamboo Shoot Rock, the Double Tortoises Imitating Companions, the White Elephant Playing Water, the Buddha Hand Rock, the Pen Shelf Rock, the Pine and the Tortoise Combating for Life, the Rock Cleaving by Sword, the Drinking Horse Rock, the Old Monk Entering House and the Five Dragon Pilgrimaging to Heaven, and peculiar pines which are the Standing Upside Down Pine, the Brethren Pine, the Pine Loving Rock and the Pine Welcoming Guests etc.
     2、圣卦峰景区:
     The expositive brand of the Saint Gua Peak scenic section of the national Geopark of Tiantangzhai garden area in Anhui Dabieshan (Lu’an)
     景区北起园区大门,南至瀑布群景区>,东连园区主干道,西接湖北罗田>>,面积4.7平方公里。区内最高峰圣卦峰>,由二长花岗岩组成>>,海拔1638米>。圣卦峰因形似占卜所用的卦而得此名>。
     圣卦峰景区以其峰险>、石怪、松奇为其主要特色>。众多的神话故事>>,丰富的历史遗迹,给这个景区披上了神秘的面纱>。主要景点有圣卦峰>、小圣卦峰>、雷公洞>、书箱石>、风动石>>、三友石、听松石>>>、书童追主、三龙探幽>>、五老迎宾松及跑马岗>、古炮台>、古战场等古遗址>>>。
     The north of the scenic section is the entrance door of the garden area, the south is the Waterfall Group scenic section, the east is the main-road of the garden area, the west is connected by Luotian of Hubei province. Its area is 4.7sq.km. The Saint Gua Peak is the highest peak in the section which is made up of adamellite, and its altitude is 1638m. It has the name of Saint Gua Peak for its shape like the Gua using for divination.
     The Saint Gua Peak scenic section makes the steep peak, peculiar rock and strange pine as its main features. A lot of fairy tales and rich vestiges take the scenic section on mysterious veiling. The main scenic sites are the Saint Gua Peak, little Saint Gua Peak, the Thunder-father Cave, the Book-case Rock, the Moving Wind Rock, the Three-friend Rock, the Rock like Listening Pine, the Bookchild Chasing Host, Three-dragon Visiting Dell, the Pine like Five-old-man Welcoming Guests and the ancient sites of the Running Horse Sentry, the Ancient Emplacement and the Ancient Battlefield.
     3>、白马峰景区:
     The expositive brand of the White Horse Peak scenic section of the national Geopark of Tiantangzhai garden area in Anhui Dabieshan (Lu’an)
     景区北起园区大门>>,南至造钱坳景区,东连鹅公包>,西接园区主干道, 面积5.7平方公里>。区内最高峰鹅公包海拔1485米,由二长花岗岩体组成。
     白马峰犹如一匹腾飞的骏马>>,横跨皖鄂两省。白马峰为穹状峰体,高壮雄起>,逶迤磅礴>,蔚为壮观>>,是天堂寨园区代表性景观。主要景点还有:擂鼓石、企鹅石>>、月亮崖、马鞍夕照>>、蓬莱方舟、月亮岩及仙人洞>>、瓢兒洞等洞穴景观和水晶冰瀑等>。
     The north of the scenic section is the entrance door of the garden area, the south is the Making Money Col scenic section, the east is Male Goose Mountain, the west is connected by the main roads of the garden area, and its area is 5.7sq.km. The Male Goose Mountain is the highest peak in the section which is made up of adamellite, and its altitude is 1485m.
     The White Horse Peak likes a flying horse crossing Anhui and Hubei province. The White Horse Peak is the quaquversal peak body, which is the typical sight in Tiantangzhai garden area. It is high and powerful, winding and boundless, and grand. The Beating Drum Rock, the Penguin Rock, the Moon Cliff, the Saddle in Afterglow, the Penglai Ark, the Moon Rock and the cave sights of the Celestial Being Cave, the Piao’er Cave and the Crystal Waterfall are also its main scenic sites.
     4>、造钱坳景区:
     The expositive brand of the Making Money Col scenic section of the national Geopark of Tiantangzhai garden area in Anhui Dabieshan (Lu’an)
     景区北起白马峰景区>,南与湖北省英山县接壤,东连风簸斗――鸡心峰一线>,西接瀑布群景区>,面积4.4平方公里>。区内最高峰风簸斗海拔1591 米,最低海拔仅700米>。据清光绪年间《霍山县志》记载>,元至明十一年(公元1351年)徐寿辉率众起义后曾在此铸造钱币,故名“造钱坳”>>。
森林景观是造钱坳景区的主体和特色>。景区内森林资源丰富>,杉松挺拔,满目苍翠,遮天敝日,为进行森区野趣>>、疗养>、避暑、林浴提供了幽雅舒适的自然环境。主要景点有:凤龙井瀑布、鹅公包>、鸡心峰>、钟馗仗剑>、高山草甸、龙女梳妆及古造钱遗址等>。
     The north of the scenic section is the White Horse Peak scenic section, the south borders on the Yingshan county of Hubei province, the east connects with the line of Wind-winnow Mantle and the Chicken Heart Peak, the west meets the Waterfall Group scenic section, and its area is 4.4sq.km. The altitude of the highest peak which is the Wind-winnow Mantle in the section is 1591m, and the lowest altitude is only 700m. According to the recordation of ?Huoshan county records ? in the Guangxu time Qing dynasty, Xu Shouhui had made money at this place after leading rebel in the eleventh year from Yuan dynasty to Ming dynasty (1351 A.D.), so it is called “Making Money Col”.
     The forest sight is the main body and feature of the Making Money Col scenic section. The forest resource in the scenic section is rich. The fir-pines are tall and straight. So lush is in eyes, and the sky is covered at there. It provides the gentler and comfortable natural environment for wide interests in the forest section, recuperating, summering and shower. The main scenic sites are the Phoenix-dragon Well Waterfall, the Male Goose Mountain, the Chicken Heart Peak, the Zhongkui Shaking Sword, the high mountain and the meadow, the Dragon Girl Dressing and the ancient making money site etc.
     5>>、白马峡谷景区:
     The expositive brand of the White Horse Peak scenic section of the national Geopark of Tiantangzhai garden area in Anhui Dabieshan (Lu’an)
     白马峡谷处于里南河的上游,南起天然画廊>,北至园区管理处,全长1960米>>。
     天堂寨花岗岩自1.3亿年前侵入后,地壳发生了较强烈的构造运动>,沿里南河一线发生岩层断裂>>,在以后漫长的地质演化过程中,经流水下切冲刷、风化剥蚀等因素综合作用,形成了峡谷地貌>。
     白马峡谷谷底较宽>,两岸多为陡立的悬崖峭壁>,是较典型的“U”型谷。谷底出露的岩层为深度变质的大别杂岩和花岗岩,各类景观丰富多彩。有黑白相间、曲折盘旋,如云雾翻卷,似霞蔚蒸腾的变质岩景观――“天然画廊”,有沿片麻岩层理贯入的花岗岩脉,横跨河谷的“白龙过江”,有九条岩脉并列在岩壁之上的“九龙壁”,有水平节理与垂直节理巧妙共生而形成的“天然城墙”,有新构造运动遗迹――小巧玲珑的淘蚀洞穴>>。
     峡谷之旅,是徜徉在山水画廊间的仙境之旅,科学之旅,休闲之旅>。
     White Horse Gorge locates in the upriver of the Southern River. The south begins with the Inartificial Gallery, the north reached the management office of the The garden area, and its total length is 1960m.
After the invasion of granite of Tiantangzhai 1.3 hundred million years ago, the earth crust has taken place stronger tectonic movement. There is layer rupture taking place along the inner Southern River line. The synthetical function of the factors of downcutting and washing of the running water and weathering-denudation formed the gorge land form at the later endless geological evolution process.
     The width of the bottom of the White Horse Gorge is broader. Both sides of the gorge are cliff. The layer outcropping at the bottom of the gorge is the deep metamorphic Dabie complex and granite. The sights are rich and colorful. It has the metamorphic rock sight—“the Inartificial Gallery” which is black and white, devious and whirlabout and likes the reversal cloud-mist and rising sun, the granite vein injecting along the bedding of gneiss crossing the river-gorge—“the White Dragon Crossing River”, nine veins apposing on the rock wall—“the Nine-dragon Wall”, “the Inartificial Wall ” formed by the paragenesis of the level joint and the vertical joint, and the small and exquisite undercutting cave which is the wonder of the new tectonic movement.
     The journey to the gorge is fairyland journey wandering about the gallery of mountain and water, the scientific journey, and the relaxed and comfortable journey.
     (二)园区形象
     天堂寨园区群山环绕>,雄峰耸峙,龙潭飞瀑>,喷珠溅玉,奇松怪石>,妙趣横生,峡谷幽深,林木繁茂。饱览园区之美丽景观,颇有登上人间天堂之感。
     园区的整体形象是古老的变质岩基底,年轻的花岗岩地貌,新老“两辈”相差达24亿多年>。园区的特色形象是丰富的水源和水文地质景观>>?!吧街幸灰褂?,处处听清泉”>>,园区峡谷纵横,飞瀑龙潭众多>,是天堂寨园区的中心景观,也是国内园区不多见的。
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